The Main Performance Parameters of The Valve
The sealing performance of the valve refers to the ability of each sealing part of the valve to prevent the leakage of the medium. It is the most important technical performance index of the valve. The valve has three sealing positions: the contact between the opening and closing parts and the two sealing surfaces of the valve seat; the matching place between the packing and the valve stem and the stuffing box; the connection between the valve body and the valve cover. One of the previous leakage is called internal leakage, which is commonly referred to as lax closure, which will affect the ability of the valve to cut off the medium. For shut-off valves, internal leakage is not allowed. The latter two leaks are called external leakage, that is, the medium leaks from the inside of the valve to the outside of the valve. Leakage can cause material loss, pollute the environment, and cause accidents in severe cases. For flammable, explosive, toxic or radioactive media, leakage is not allowed, so the valve must have reliable sealing performance.
After the medium flows through the valve, there will be pressure loss (that is, the pressure difference between the front and rear of the valve), that is, the valve has a certain resistance to the flow of the medium, and the medium consumes a certain amount of energy to overcome the resistance of the valve. From the perspective of energy conservation, when designing and manufacturing valves, the resistance of the valve to the flowing medium should be reduced as much as possible.
Hoisting force and hoisting moment
Opening and closing force and opening and closing torque refer to the force or moment that must be applied to open or close the valve. When closing the valve, it is necessary to form a certain seal specific pressure between the opening and closing parts and the two sealing surfaces of the seat, and at the same time, it must overcome the gap between the valve stem and the packing, the thread between the valve stem and the nut, and the support at the end of the valve stem. The friction force of other friction parts, therefore, a certain closing force and closing torque must be applied. During the opening and closing process of the valve, the required opening and closing force and opening and closing torque are changed, and the maximum value is at the final instant of closing or opening The initial instant. When designing and manufacturing valves, efforts should be made to reduce their closing force and closing torque.
Opening and closing speed
The opening and closing speed is expressed by the time required for the valve to complete an opening or closing action. Generally, there are no strict requirements on the opening and closing speed of the valve, but some working conditions have special requirements for the opening and closing speed. If some require rapid opening or closing to prevent accidents, some require slow closing to prevent water hammer, etc. This should be considered when selecting the valve type.
Action sensitivity and reliability
This refers to the sensitivity of the valve in response to changes in media parameters. For valves with specific functions such as throttle valves, pressure reducing valves, and regulating valves, as well as valves with specific functions such as safety valves and traps, their functional sensitivity and reliability are very important technical performance indicators.